Relevant facts related to India’s major crops, productive states and Indian agriculture
India, we are always an agricultural country. The reason for this is dependent on the agriculture of this country. About 51% of the total area of India is agricultural, 4% on grassland, about 21% forest and 24% barren and without use. Different crops are cultivated in different states here. The reason is that there are inequalities in the climate in various states of India. So there are some significant crops in every country. List of major crops of India, productive land has been given the classification of plants based on the season.
- Rabi crops – Winter crops are called Rabi. When these crops are sown, they require a warm and warm environment when low temperature and cooking. This crop is planted in October-November. It is cut in March-April. Such as wheat, barley, gram, peas, mustard, potato, mustard etc.
- Kharif crop – rainy season crops are called Kharif. These crops require high temperatures and humidity while drying. This crop is sown in June-July and is cut in November-December. Such as paddy, sugarcane, oilseeds, cotton, maize, sesame, jowar, millet etc.
- Zayed Crop – After the crops of Kharif and Rabi crops, the produce of Zayed is grown in some areas through artificial irrigation throughout the year. The plants of this class have an excellent ability to withstand intense heat and dry winds. From March to April, sows are sown and cut in June-July. Under this, vegetables, maize, melon, gooseberry, arbi, tarikkadi, bhii, etc. come.
- Cash Crop – The crop which is done by farmers for business purposes. The primary goal of growing plants is to earn money by doing business. Farmers who sell them either whole or part and sell the remaining large part. Cash crops are also called commercial crops
such as cotton, sugarcane, tobacco, jute etc.
List of major Indian crops and their productive states
|crop||Name of significant plants of India||Names of most productive states|
|Rice||West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and Punjab|
|Wheat||Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan|
|The tide||Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan|
|Barley||Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Punjab|
|Millet||Gujarat, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh|
|peanut||Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh|
|Pulses||Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh|
|Oilseed||Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat; Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, West Bengal and Odisha|
|Cash crops||Sugarcane||Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Haryana and Punjab|
|Cotton||Maharashtra, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Karnataka, Haryana, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh|
|Jute||West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh|
|Tea||Assam, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Tripura, Karnataka and Himachal Pradesh|
|Kahwa||Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra|
|Rubber||Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Assam and Andaman Nicobar Islands|
|Tobacco||Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, West Bengal and Tamil Nadu|
|Black pepper||Kerala, Karnataka, Tamilnadu and Puducherry|
|turmeric||Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Bihar|
|Cashew||Kerala, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh|
Relevant facts related to Indian agriculture
- About 52 per cent of the country’s total labour force runs its livelihood with agriculture and related industries and businesses.
- India is the second largest producer of rice in the world after China.
- The most significant impact of the Green Revolution is on the wheat and rice cultivation, but compared to rice, the production of wheat increased more.
- Dr M.S. Swaminathan does the credit for bringing green revolution in India goes to. The Green Revolution started in India in 1967-1968.
- After the first Green Revolution, the Second Green Revolution began in 1983-1984, in which more grain production, investment and services to farmers were expanded.
- Oilseed Technology Mission was established in 1986.
- India’s leading food crop is rice
- The highest paddy is grown in India –
- Nashik city is famous for the cultivation of grapes –
- Which of the states of India is developed by Peanut? – Gujarat
- Rice is produced in most West Bengal state
- In the sowing of sugarcane crop, it takes the most time in harvesting
- Which place is India’s first place in milk production?
- Darjeeling is the best tea produced in India
- India is third in the world in tobacco production
- India’s largest soybean producing state in Madhya Pradesh
- The cultivation of saffron is highest on Kashmir
- Maharashtra is the first state to give the status of agriculture to agriculture
- The “rice bowl” is called the area of Krishna and Godavari –
- India is the world’s third largest producer and consumer of fertiliser in the world.
- Potassium Fertilizer is fully imported.
- India is the first place in the production of mango, banana, chikoo, sour lemon, cashew, coconut, black pepper and turmeric.
- India is second in the world after China in the production of fruits and vegetables.